Locally authored papers of the past 5 days

This is the list of the papers for the past 5 days that include local authors affiliated with Princeton University's Astrophysical Sciences department.

Papers with local authors from 2021-11-26

Davide Vaccaro, Hiroki Akamatsu, Marcel P. Bruijn, Luciano Gottardi, Roland den Hartog, Jan van der Kuur, A. J. van der Linden, Kenichiro Nagayoshi, Kevin Ravensberg, Marcel L. Ridder, Emanuele Taralli, Martin de Wit, Jian-Rong Gao, Ruud W.M. Hoogeveen, Jan-Willem A. den Herder
0 votes
Paper 29 — arXiv:2111.12445
0 votes
Paper 29 — arXiv:2111.12445

We have measured and characterized the thermal crosstalk in two different arrays of transition-edge sensor (TES) X-ray micro-calorimeters with frequency-domain multiplexing (FDM) readout. The TES arrays are fabricated at SRON and are a 8$\times$8 and a 32$\times$32 "kilo-pixel" uniform array. The amount of crosstalk is evaluated as the ratio between the averaged crosstalk signal and the X-ray pulse amplitudes. The crosstalk ratios (CR) for our detectors are compliant with the requirements for future X-ray space missions, such as Athena X-IFU (CR$< 10^{-3}$ for first-neighbour pixels): we measured a nearest-neighbour thermal crosstalk ratio at a level of $10^{-4}$, with a highest crosstalk ratio of $4\times 10^{-4}$ for the kilo-pixel array (worst case, center of array) and $1\times 10^{-4}$ for the 8$\times$8 array, with a margin of improvement achievable by optimizing the Cu metallization and the width of the Si supporting structures (muntins) in the backside of the TES array chip. Based on the measured crosstalk ratios, we have estimated the impact on the spectral resolution by means of noise equivalent power (NEP) considerations and a Monte Carlo simulation, finding an average degradation in quadrature of less than 40~meV, compliant with the < 0.2~eV requirement for Athena X-IFU.

Shanghuo Li, Patricio Sanhueza, Chang Won Lee, Qizhou Zhang, Henrik Beuther, Aina Palau, Hong-Li Liu, Howard Smith, Hauyu Baobab Liu, Izaskun, Jiménez-Serra, Kee-Tae Kim, Siyi Feng, Josep Miquel. Girart, Tie Liu, Junzhi Wang, Di Li, Keping Qiu, Xing Lu, Ke Wang, Fei Li, Juan Li, Yue Cao, Shinyoung Kim, Shaye Strom

28 pages, 12 figures, 1 table. Accepted for publication in ApJ

0 votes
Paper 40 — arXiv:2111.12593
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Paper 40 — arXiv:2111.12593

We present a study of narrow filaments toward a massive infrared dark cloud, NGC 6334S, using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). Thirteen gas filaments are identified using the H$^{13}$CO$^{+}$ line, while a single continuum filament is revealed by the continuum emission. The filaments present a compact radial distribution with a median filament width of $\sim$0.04 pc narrower than the previously proposed `quasi-universal' 0.1~pc filament width. The higher spatial resolution observations and higher-density gas tracer tend to identify even narrower and lower mass filaments. The filament widths are roughly twice the size of embedded cores. The gas filaments are largely supported by thermal motions. The nonthermal motions are predominantly subsonic and transonic in both identified gas filaments and embedded cores, which may imply that stars are likely born in environments of low turbulence. A fraction of embedded objects show a narrower velocity dispersion compared with their corresponding natal filaments, which may indicate that the turbulent dissipation is taking place in these embedded cores. The physical properties (mass, mass per unit length, gas kinematics, and width) of gas filaments are analogous to those of narrow filaments found in low- to high-mass star-forming regions. The more evolved sources are found to be farther away from the filaments, a situation that may have resulted from the relative motions between the YSOs and their natal filaments.

Papers with local authors from 2021-11-25

Davide Vaccaro, Hiroki Akamatsu, Marcel P. Bruijn, Luciano Gottardi, Roland den Hartog, Jan van der Kuur, A. J. van der Linden, Kenichiro Nagayoshi, Kevin Ravensberg, Marcel L. Ridder, Emanuele Taralli, Martin de Wit, Jian-Rong Gao, Ruud W.M. Hoogeveen, Jan-Willem A. den Herder
0 votes
Paper 29 — arXiv:2111.12445
0 votes
Paper 29 — arXiv:2111.12445

We have measured and characterized the thermal crosstalk in two different arrays of transition-edge sensor (TES) X-ray micro-calorimeters with frequency-domain multiplexing (FDM) readout. The TES arrays are fabricated at SRON and are a 8$\times$8 and a 32$\times$32 "kilo-pixel" uniform array. The amount of crosstalk is evaluated as the ratio between the averaged crosstalk signal and the X-ray pulse amplitudes. The crosstalk ratios (CR) for our detectors are compliant with the requirements for future X-ray space missions, such as Athena X-IFU (CR$< 10^{-3}$ for first-neighbour pixels): we measured a nearest-neighbour thermal crosstalk ratio at a level of $10^{-4}$, with a highest crosstalk ratio of $4\times 10^{-4}$ for the kilo-pixel array (worst case, center of array) and $1\times 10^{-4}$ for the 8$\times$8 array, with a margin of improvement achievable by optimizing the Cu metallization and the width of the Si supporting structures (muntins) in the backside of the TES array chip. Based on the measured crosstalk ratios, we have estimated the impact on the spectral resolution by means of noise equivalent power (NEP) considerations and a Monte Carlo simulation, finding an average degradation in quadrature of less than 40~meV, compliant with the < 0.2~eV requirement for Athena X-IFU.

Shanghuo Li, Patricio Sanhueza, Chang Won Lee, Qizhou Zhang, Henrik Beuther, Aina Palau, Hong-Li Liu, Howard Smith, Hauyu Baobab Liu, Izaskun, Jiménez-Serra, Kee-Tae Kim, Siyi Feng, Josep Miquel. Girart, Tie Liu, Junzhi Wang, Di Li, Keping Qiu, Xing Lu, Ke Wang, Fei Li, Juan Li, Yue Cao, Shinyoung Kim, Shaye Strom

28 pages, 12 figures, 1 table. Accepted for publication in ApJ

0 votes
Paper 40 — arXiv:2111.12593
0 votes
Paper 40 — arXiv:2111.12593

We present a study of narrow filaments toward a massive infrared dark cloud, NGC 6334S, using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). Thirteen gas filaments are identified using the H$^{13}$CO$^{+}$ line, while a single continuum filament is revealed by the continuum emission. The filaments present a compact radial distribution with a median filament width of $\sim$0.04 pc narrower than the previously proposed `quasi-universal' 0.1~pc filament width. The higher spatial resolution observations and higher-density gas tracer tend to identify even narrower and lower mass filaments. The filament widths are roughly twice the size of embedded cores. The gas filaments are largely supported by thermal motions. The nonthermal motions are predominantly subsonic and transonic in both identified gas filaments and embedded cores, which may imply that stars are likely born in environments of low turbulence. A fraction of embedded objects show a narrower velocity dispersion compared with their corresponding natal filaments, which may indicate that the turbulent dissipation is taking place in these embedded cores. The physical properties (mass, mass per unit length, gas kinematics, and width) of gas filaments are analogous to those of narrow filaments found in low- to high-mass star-forming regions. The more evolved sources are found to be farther away from the filaments, a situation that may have resulted from the relative motions between the YSOs and their natal filaments.

Papers with local authors from 2021-11-24

L. Bisigello, C. Gruppioni, F. Calura, A. Feltre, F. Pozzi, C. Vignali, L. Barchiesi, G. Rodighiero, M. Negrello, F.J. Carrera, K.M. Dasyra, J.A. Fernández-Ontiveros, M. Giard, E. Hatziminaoglou, H. Kaneda, E. Lusso, M. Pereira-Santaella, P.G. Pérez-González, C. Ricci, D. Schaerer, L. Spinoglio, L. Wang

22 pages, 17 figures, 4 tables, accepted for publication in PASA

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Paper 3 — arXiv:2111.11453
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Paper 3 — arXiv:2111.11453

Mid- and far-infrared (IR) photometric and spectroscopic observations are fundamental to a full understanding of the dust-obscured Universe and the evolution of both star formation and black hole accretion in galaxies. In this work, using the specifications of the SPace Infrared telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics (SPICA) as a baseline, we investigate the capability to study the dust-obscured Universe of mid- and far-IR photometry at 34 and 70 $\mu$m and low-resolution spectroscopy at 17-36 $\mu$m using the state-of-the-art Spectro-Photometric Realisations of Infrared-selected Targets at all-z (SPRITZ) simulation. This investigation is also compared to the expected performance of the Origins Space Telescope and the Galaxy Evolution Probe. The photometric view of the Universe of a SPICA-like mission could cover not only bright objects (e.g. L$_{IR}$>10$^{12}$L$_\odot$) up to z=10, but also normal galaxies(L$_{IR}$<10$^{11}$L$_\odot$) up to z$\sim$4. At the same time, the spectroscopic observations of such mission could also allow us to estimate the redshifts and study the physical properties for thousands of star-forming galaxies and active galactic nuclei by observing the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and a large set of IR nebular emission lines. In this way, a cold, 2.5-m size space telescope with spectro-photometric capability analogous to SPICA, could provide us with a complete three-dimensional (i.e. images and integrated spectra) view of the dust-obscured Universe and the physics governing galaxy evolution up to z$\sim$4.

Shuai Xu, Haibo Yuan, Zexi Niu, Lin Yang, Timothy C. Beers, Yang Huang

18 pages, 18 figures, 2 tables, accepted for publication in the ApJS, data are publicly available at this http URL

0 votes
Paper 29 — arXiv:2111.11725
0 votes
Paper 29 — arXiv:2111.11725

We combine LAMOST DR7 spectroscopic data and Gaia EDR3 photometric data to construct high-quality giant (0.7 $< (BP-RP) <$ 1.4) and dwarf (0.5 $< (BP-RP) < $ 1.5) samples in the high Galactic latitude region, with precise corrections for magnitude-dependent systematic errors in the Gaia photometry and careful reddening corrections using empirically determined color- and reddening-dependent coefficients. We use the two samples to build metallicity-dependent stellar loci of Gaia colors for giants and dwarfs, respectively. For a given $(BP-RP)$ color, a one dex change in [Fe/H] results in about a 5 mmag change in $(BP-G)$ color for solar-type stars. These relations are used to determine metallicity estimates from EDR3 colors. Despite the weak sensitivity, the exquisite data quality of these colors enables a typical precision of about $\delta$\,[Fe/H] = 0.2 dex. Our method is valid for FGK stars with $G \leq 16$, [Fe/H] $\geq -2.5$, and $E(B-V) \leq 0.5$. Stars with fainter $G$ magnitudes, lower metallicities, or larger reddening suffer from higher metallicity uncertainties. With the enormous data volume of Gaia, we have measured metallicity estimates for about 27 million stars with 10 $< G \leq 16$ across almost the entire sky, including over 6 million giants and 20 million dwarfs, which can be used for a number of studies. These include investigations of Galactic formation and evolution, the identification of candidate stars for subsequent high-resolution spectroscopic follow-up, the identification of wide binaries, and to obtain metallicity estimates of stars for asteroseismology and exoplanet research.

H. Xu, J. R. Niu, P. Chen, K. J. Lee, W. W. Zhu, S. Dong, B. Zhang, J. C. Jiang, B. J. Wang, J. W. Xu, C. F. Zhang, H. Fu, A. V. Filippenko, E. W. Peng, D. J. Zhou, Y. K. Zhang, P. Wang, Y. Feng, Y. Li, T. G. Brink, D. Z. Li, W. Lu, Y. P. Yang, R. N. Caballero, C. Cai, M. Z. Chen, Z. G. Dai, S. G. Djorgovski, A. Esamdin, H. Q. Gan, P. Guhathakurta, J. L. Han, L. F. Hao, Y. X. Huang, P. Jiang, C. K. Li, D. Li, H. Li, X. Q. Li, Z. X. Li, Z. Y. Liu, R. Luo, Y. P. Men, C. H. Niu, W. X. Peng, L. Qian, L. M. Song, D. Stern, A. Stockton, J. H. Sun, F. Y. Wang, M. Wang, N. Wang, W. Y. Wang, X. F. Wu, S. Xiao, S. L. Xiong, Y. H. Xu, R. X. Xu, J. Yang, X. Yang, R. Yao, Q. B. Yi, Y. L. Yue, D. J. Yu, W. F. Yu, J. P. Yuan, B. B. Zhang, S. B. Zhang, S. N. Zhang, Y. Zhao, W. K. Zheng, Y. Zhu, J. H. Zou

41 pages, 11 figures

0 votes
Paper 31 — arXiv:2111.11764
0 votes
Paper 31 — arXiv:2111.11764

Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are highly dispersed radio bursts prevailing in the universe. The recent detection of FRB~200428 from a Galactic magnetar suggested that at least some FRBs originate from magnetars, but it is unclear whether the majority of cosmological FRBs, especially the actively repeating ones, are produced from the magnetar channel. Here we report the detection of 1863 polarised bursts from the repeating source FRB~20201124A during a dedicated radio observational campaign of Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST). The large sample of radio bursts detected in 88\,hr over 54 days indicate a significant, irregular, short-time variation of the Faraday rotation measure (RM) of the source during the first 36 days, followed by a constant RM during the later 18 days. Significant circular polarisation up to 75\% was observed in a good fraction of bursts. Evidence suggests that some low-level circular polarisation originates from the conversion from linear polarisation during the propagation of the radio waves, but an intrinsic radiation mechanism is required to produce the higher degree of circular polarisation. All of these features provide evidence for a more complicated, dynamically evolving, magnetised immediate environment around this FRB source. Its host galaxy was previously known. Our optical observations reveal that it is a Milky-Way-sized, metal-rich, barred-spiral galaxy at redshift $z=0.09795\pm0.00003$, with the FRB source residing in a low stellar density, interarm region at an intermediate galactocentric distance, an environment not directly expected for a young magnetar formed during an extreme explosion of a massive star.

Papers with local authors from 2021-11-23

Matthew R. Chu, Aleksandar Cikota, Dietrich Baade, Ferdinando Patat, Alexei V. Filippenko, J. Craig Wheeler, Justyn Maund, Mattia Bulla, Yi Yang, Peter Höflich, Lifan Wang

Accepted for publication in MNRAS

0 votes
Paper 14 — arXiv:2111.09980
0 votes
Paper 14 — arXiv:2111.09980

Some highly reddened Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) display low total-to-selective extinction ratios ($R_V \lesssim 2$) in comparison to that of typical Milky Way dust ($R_V \approx 3.3$), and polarization curves that rise steeply to blue wavelengths, with peak polarization values at short wavelengths ($\lambda_{\rm max} < 0.4$ ${\mu}$m) in comparison to the typical Galactic values ($\lambda_{\rm max} \approx 0.55$ ${\mu}$m). Understanding the source of these properties could provide insight into the progenitor systems of SNe Ia. We aim to determine whether they are the result of the host galaxy's interstellar dust or circumstellar dust. This is accomplished by analysing the continuum polarization of 66 SNe Ia in dust-rich spiral galaxies and 13 SNe Ia in dust-poor elliptical galaxies as a function of normalised galactocentric distance. We find that there is a general trend of SNe Ia in spiral galaxies displaying increased polarization values when located closer to the host galaxies' centre, while SNe Ia in elliptical host galaxies display low polarization. Furthermore, all highly polarized SNe Ia in spiral host galaxies display polarization curves rising toward blue wavelengths, while no evidence of such polarization properties is shown in elliptical host galaxies. This indicates that the source of the peculiar polarization curves is likely the result of interstellar material as opposed to circumstellar material. The peculiar polarization and extinction properties observed toward some SNe Ia may be explained by the radiative torque disruption mechanism induced by the SN or the interstellar radiation field.

Papers with local authors from 2021-11-22

Matthew R. Chu, Aleksandar Cikota, Dietrich Baade, Ferdinando Patat, Alexei V. Filippenko, J. Craig Wheeler, Justyn Maund, Mattia Bulla, Yi Yang, Peter Höflich, Lifan Wang

Accepted for publication in MNRAS

0 votes
Paper 14 — arXiv:2111.09980
0 votes
Paper 14 — arXiv:2111.09980

Some highly reddened Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) display low total-to-selective extinction ratios ($R_V \lesssim 2$) in comparison to that of typical Milky Way dust ($R_V \approx 3.3$), and polarization curves that rise steeply to blue wavelengths, with peak polarization values at short wavelengths ($\lambda_{\rm max} < 0.4$ ${\mu}$m) in comparison to the typical Galactic values ($\lambda_{\rm max} \approx 0.55$ ${\mu}$m). Understanding the source of these properties could provide insight into the progenitor systems of SNe Ia. We aim to determine whether they are the result of the host galaxy's interstellar dust or circumstellar dust. This is accomplished by analysing the continuum polarization of 66 SNe Ia in dust-rich spiral galaxies and 13 SNe Ia in dust-poor elliptical galaxies as a function of normalised galactocentric distance. We find that there is a general trend of SNe Ia in spiral galaxies displaying increased polarization values when located closer to the host galaxies' centre, while SNe Ia in elliptical host galaxies display low polarization. Furthermore, all highly polarized SNe Ia in spiral host galaxies display polarization curves rising toward blue wavelengths, while no evidence of such polarization properties is shown in elliptical host galaxies. This indicates that the source of the peculiar polarization curves is likely the result of interstellar material as opposed to circumstellar material. The peculiar polarization and extinction properties observed toward some SNe Ia may be explained by the radiative torque disruption mechanism induced by the SN or the interstellar radiation field.